islamWiki:Tutorial/Citing sources

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This Project page is based on an external Wikipedia:Project:Tutorial/Citing sources page, in accordance with Wikipedia's copyright and reuse policies.
Note: Any links below, which lead to the original website(s) are meant only for reference and tutorial purposes and islamWiki maintains no formal affiliation with them.


Contributors are encouraged to include references listing websites, newspapers, articles, books and other sources that may have been used to write or expand articles. These sources should verify the information but they must not copy and paste text found anywhere, except for short quotations. New articles and statements added to existing articles may be deleted by others if unreferenced or referenced poorly or if they are copyright violations.

Footnotes

A screencast that walks through the essentials needed in citing your sources

Generally references are added directly after the facts they support, at the end of the sentence and after any punctuation. Like Wikipedia, islamWiki although permits editors to use any citation system that allows the reader to understand where the information came from, but strongly encourages use of inline citations to do so. Common methods of placing inline citations include footnotes, shortened footnotes, and parenthetical references.

There are three basic methods to add a reference into the article text. You may use any one, or a combination of methods:

Primarily two types of footnotes are usually needed:

  1. An explanatory note for something that has been mentioned but is not relevant enough to be explained in the body of the main article. A brief descriptive note may be attached to the end of the article.
  2. Citation for a particular piece of information.

Explanatory notes

Using VisualEditor

  1. Select "Insert" in the top menu, then "Template", this menu can also be opened directly by just writing {{.
  2. Input refn in the textbox and click on "Add template".
  3. Write the explanatory note in the "Reference note" textbox.
  4. "Reference group" is not absolutely required, but in order to differentiate it from citations, input some alphabet. The recommended is n.
  5. After you are satisfied with the parameters that have been entered, click "Insert" at the top right of the menu.
  • For showing these explanatory notes at the end of the main article body:
  1. Use template reflist similar to how refn was used above.
  2. "Columns / Column width" defines the number of columns in which the explanatory notes will be shown.
  3. "Group" requires the value that was previously set in "Reference group" above.
Note: The notes list, because of some technical limitations, will not be rendered/shown until after the article page has been saved.

Using Wikitext

  • Use the following: {{refn|group=n|Text which is to be used as an explanatory note}}
  • For showing these explanatory notes at the end of the main article body:
  • Use something like:
== Notes ==
{{reflist|2|group=n}}

where, "2" is the number of columns in which the notes will be divided and "n" is the "Reference group" that was originally set.

Citations

Using VisualEditor

  1. Position your cursor after the sentence or paragraph that the citation is intended to support.
  2. Click "Cite" in the top menu, and select the type of source you are going to use for citation.
  3. Enter the parameters for the citation.
  4. After you are satisfied with the parameters that have been entered, click "Insert" at the top right of the menu.
  • For showing these citations at the end of the main article body:
  • Click "Insert" from the top menu and select "References list"

Using Wikitext

  1. Position your cursor after the sentence or paragraph that the citation is intended to support.
  2. Click "Cite" in the wikitext editor menu, and select the type of source you are going to use for citation.
  3. Enter the parameters for the citation.
  4. After you are satisfied with the parameters, click "Insert" in the menu.
For manually typing references

You can create a citation/explanatory footnote with Wiki markup, by adding ref tags around your source, like this:

<ref>Your Source</ref>

Once you have saved your edit, the ref tags will convert your citation of a source into a footnote reference (like this one[1]), with the text of the citation appearing in the References section at the bottom of the article.

If the citation you are placing between the ref tags as your source is a link to an external website, place the website address (URL) within single square brackets along with some text, which the reader will see as a link. For example:

<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/article_name.html Article in ''The New York Times'']</ref>

Though it is not required, it is highly recommended to provide more information than that in a footnote. Here is a more complete footnote:

<ref>Name of author, [http://www.nytimes.com/article_name.html "Title of article"], ''The New York Times'', date</ref>

It is not recommended to use bare URLs for your external link references, because of link rot.

  • For showing these citations at the end of the main article body:
  • Use something like:
== References ==
{{reflist|26em}}

where, "26em" is the column width in which references are going to be shown. Number of columns can also be used as was done above for the example of explanatory notes, however, that feature is deprecated and should no longer be used.

For a more visual summary, see the guide below: