Islamic architecture

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Islamic architecture are architectural styles and structural features of buildings associated with Islam. The most common types of buildings on which Islamic architecture is observed are: mosques , graves , palaces and fortifications.

Elements of Islamic architecture[edit]

Minaret Kocatepe
Taj Mahal's Iwan
Caravanserai[edit]

Caravanserais had many names such as Khan, Funduq, or the Wikala. They were resting places for travelers and were used throughout the Islamic world.

Domes[edit]

The first time domes were used in Islamic architecture was in the Dome of the Rock in 691. It is usually constructed on roofs of mosques.

Howz[edit]

The houz is a pool in traditional Persian architecture and can be used for ablution.

Iwan[edit]

The iwan is an architectural element consisting of a large porch under an arch, a room or space rectangular, generally domed , closed by walls on three of its sides, the other being completely open.

Khanqah[edit]

A khanqah is place of worship for Sufis.

Mihrab[edit]

The mihrab is built into a wall and points to the direction of the qibla.

Minaret[edit]

A minaret is a tower placed next to a Mosque which a muezzin calls to prayer. There are 2 main types of Minarets, one round-bore Minaret(Used in Middle East) and the other tetrahedral Minaret(Used in North Africa).

Mosques[edit]

A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. Sometimes a mosque is reffered by its Arabic name masjid. It usually has a dome on the roof and is surrounded with towers or minarets.

Sahn/Courtyard[edit]

A sahn is a walled courtyard in Islamic architecture. It is surrounded by riwaqs on all sides and sometimes contains a howz.