Islamic architecture are architectural styles and structural features of buildings associated with Islam. The most common types of buildings on which Islamic architecture is observed are: mosques , graves , palaces and fortifications.
Elements of Islamic architecture
The first time Domes were used in Islamic architecture was in the Dome of the Rock in 691. It is usually constructed on roofs of mosques.
The Iwan is an architectural element consisting of a large porch under an arch, a room or space rectangular, generally domed , closed by walls on three of its sides, the other being completely open.
A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. Sometimes a mosque is reffered by its Arabic name masjid. It usually has a dome on the roof and is surrounded with towers or minarets.
A minaret is a tower placed next to a Mosque which a muezzin calls to prayer. There are 2 main types of Minarets, one round-bore Minaret(Used in Middle East) and the other tetrahedral Minaret(Used in North Africa).
A sahn is a walled courtyard in Islamic architecture.