Difference between revisions of "Islamic architecture"

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'''Islamic architecture''' are architectural styles and structural features of buildings associated with Islam. The most common types of buildings on which Islamic architecture is observed are: mosques , graves , palaces and fortifications.
 
'''Islamic architecture''' are architectural styles and structural features of buildings associated with Islam. The most common types of buildings on which Islamic architecture is observed are: mosques , graves , palaces and fortifications.
[[Category:Islamic culture]]
 
 
== Elements of Islamic architecture ==
 
== Elements of Islamic architecture ==
 
[[File:Minaret Kocatepe.jpg|thumb|right|Minaret Kocatepe]]
 
[[File:Minaret Kocatepe.jpg|thumb|right|Minaret Kocatepe]]
 
[[File:TajEntryArch.jpg|thumb|right|Taj Mahal's Iwan]]
 
[[File:TajEntryArch.jpg|thumb|right|Taj Mahal's Iwan]]
 +
===== Domes =====
 +
The first time '''Domes''' were used in Islamic architecture was in the Dome of the Rock in 691. It is usually constructed on roofs of mosques.
 +
===== Iwan =====
 +
The '''Iwan''' is an architectural element consisting of a large porch under an arch, a room or space rectangular, generally domed , closed by walls on three of its sides, the other being completely open.
 
===== Mosques =====
 
===== Mosques =====
 
A '''mosque''' is a place of worship for Muslims. Sometimes a mosque is reffered by its Arabic name '''masjid'''. It usually has a '''dome''' on the roof and is surrounded with towers or '''minarets'''.
 
A '''mosque''' is a place of worship for Muslims. Sometimes a mosque is reffered by its Arabic name '''masjid'''. It usually has a '''dome''' on the roof and is surrounded with towers or '''minarets'''.
 
===== Minaret =====
 
===== Minaret =====
 
A '''minaret''' is a tower placed next to a Mosque which a muezzin calls to prayer. There are 2 main types of Minarets, one round-bore Minaret(Used in Middle East) and the other tetrahedral Minaret(Used in North Africa).
 
A '''minaret''' is a tower placed next to a Mosque which a muezzin calls to prayer. There are 2 main types of Minarets, one round-bore Minaret(Used in Middle East) and the other tetrahedral Minaret(Used in North Africa).
===== Domes =====
+
===== Sahn/Courtyard =====
The first time '''Domes''' were used in Islamic architecture was in the Dome of the Rock in 691. It is usually constructed on roofs of mosques.
+
A '''sahn''' is a walled courtyard in Islamic architecture.
===== Iwan =====
+
[[Category:Islamic culture]]
The '''Iwan''' is an architectural element consisting of a large porch under an arch, a room or space rectangular, generally domed , closed by walls on three of its sides, the other being completely open.
 
 
 
== References ==
 

Revision as of 00:38, 1 July 2020

Islamic architecture are architectural styles and structural features of buildings associated with Islam. The most common types of buildings on which Islamic architecture is observed are: mosques , graves , palaces and fortifications.

Elements of Islamic architecture

Minaret Kocatepe
Taj Mahal's Iwan
Domes

The first time Domes were used in Islamic architecture was in the Dome of the Rock in 691. It is usually constructed on roofs of mosques.

Iwan

The Iwan is an architectural element consisting of a large porch under an arch, a room or space rectangular, generally domed , closed by walls on three of its sides, the other being completely open.

Mosques

A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims. Sometimes a mosque is reffered by its Arabic name masjid. It usually has a dome on the roof and is surrounded with towers or minarets.

Minaret

A minaret is a tower placed next to a Mosque which a muezzin calls to prayer. There are 2 main types of Minarets, one round-bore Minaret(Used in Middle East) and the other tetrahedral Minaret(Used in North Africa).

Sahn/Courtyard

A sahn is a walled courtyard in Islamic architecture.