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Five Pillars of Islam

Islam is built upon 5 pillars which are the Testimony of Faith (the sincere enunciation of the declaration of faith), the salah (the 5 daily obligatory prayers), sawm (fasting the month of Ramadan for those who are eligible), charity (alms-giving paid from yearly savings, if eligible), and Hajj (a once in a lifetime pilgrimage to Makkah, if eligible).

Islam is both belief and laws, in which Allaah and His Messenger have told us what is halaal and what is haraam, morals and good manners, acts of worship and how to interact with people, rights and duties, and scenes of the resurrection.

5 Pillars of Sunni IslamEdit

Islam is both belief and laws, in which Allaah and His Messenger have told us what is halaal and what is haraam, morals and good manners, acts of worship and how to interact with people, rights and duties, and scenes of the resurrection.


Pillar 1:- Shahada (Testimony of faith) Ash hadu alla ilaha illa Allah wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu Interpretation: I bear witness that there is no deity [worthy of worship] except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.


Pillar 2:- Prayer: Allah has enjoined upon every sane Muslim (who has passed the age of puberty) 5 daily prayers, which are done for the sake of Allah, according to the Messenger of Allah, in a state of physical and spiritual purity. For a further explanation of salah (i.e. its prerequisites and how to perform it), kindly refer to the end of this guide.

The five obligatory prayers which are required day and night are Dawn, Zuhr (mid-day, just after noon), ‘Asr (mid afternoon), Sunset and ‘Ishaa’ (at night, after dark has fallen). There are also Sunnah prayers such as Qiyaam al-Layl (prayer at night), Taraweeh prayers, two circles of Duha prayer, etc.

Prayer, whether it is obligatory or optional, represents a sincere turning towards Allah alone in all one's affairs. Allah has commanded all the believers to guard strictly the observance of the prayers,

Islam is based on co-operation, brotherhood and love, and Allah has prescribed coming together for these prayers and others, in order to attain these virtues. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Prayer in congregation is twenty-seven times better than prayer offered alone.” (Narrated by Muslim, no. 650)

The five daily prayers wipe out sins, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Do you not think that if there was a river at the door of any one of you, and he were to bathe in it five times each day, would there by any dirt left on him?” They said, “No dirt would be left on him at all.” He said, “That is the likeness of the five daily prayers, by means of which Allah erases sin.”

Prayer brings the slave and his Creator together. It was the delight of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Whenever any matter grieved him, he would turn to prayer and converse with his Lord and call upon Him, seeking His forgiveness and asking Him of His bounty

Pillar 3:- Sawm (Fasting Ramadan): During the month of Ramadan, Muslims refrain from worldly desires (i.e. food, drink, and sexual activity) from dawn to dusk, thus spiritually acknowledging that we only need Allah.


Pillar 4:- Zakat (Charity): While current political systems tax the individual on his or her income, zakah is a charity - 2.5% on a year’s worth of savings, and only if the savings pass the nisab (the minimum required amount of eligibility).


Pillar 5:- Hajj (Pilgrimage): Allah has enjoined upon every physically and financially capable Muslim a set of obligated rituals that symbolize sincere devotion.