Camel Urine as a Remedy

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Camel milk mixed with camel urine have been used as medical remedies during the nomadic period of Arabia. Numerous scientific studies drawn from laboratory and clinical observations, have shown that camel milk on its own and occasionally mixed with camel urine is effective in the management of diverse clinical diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, food allergies, autism, viral hepatitis and a host of other viral, bacterial and parasitic infections. Due to the logical insignificance of certain groups, the hadith has created an abundance of controversy. Hadith : Narrated Anas (r.a): The climate of Medina did not suit some people, so the Prophet ordered them to follow his shepherd, i.e. his camels, and drink their milk and urine (as a medicine). So they followed the shepherd that is the camels and drank their milk and urine till their bodies became healthy. Benefits of Camel milk and urine :  Anti-diabetic action of camel milk: Camel milk benefits can be related in part to the unique composition of which is rich in insulin, insulin-like proteins, minerals, immunoglobulins and trace elements with anti-inflammatory properties. Camel insulin possesses unique features that make it different from human and other animal insulin and more effective when orally administered. Camel insulin, unlike the insulin contained within other animal and human milks, is contained within micelles and is thus protected from digestion and proteolysis in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Camel insulin contains nanoparticles that facilitate its absorption and easy passing into the blood stream. An added advantage of camel milk consumption by diabetic patients was discovered in recent renal functional and genetic studies in diabetic animals showing that camel milk has renal protection actions that prevent the renal damage associated with diabetes, as it attenuates the biochemical and morphological features of diabetic nephropathy in these diabetic animals.[1]The chemical composition and nutritional quality of camel milk was studied. Results showed 11.7% total solids, 3.0% protein, 3.6% fat, 0.8% ash, 4.4% lactose, 0.13% acidity and a pH of 6.5. It contains low level of cholesterol and sugar and is rich in the levels of Na, K, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, niacin as well as vitamin C.Camel milk contains low level of protein and high concentration of insulin, and could be safely taken by people who have high sensitivity to lactose and have immune deficiency.[2] Anti-cancer action of camel urine : Research has shown that camel urine had stopped the growth of tumour cells implanted into experimental animals and the growth of malignant cell lines including hepatocellular carcinoma (HEPG2), colon carcinoma (HCT 116), human glioma (U251) cells, lung cancer cells and leukaemic cells.(3)(4)(5) It was suggested that this anti-cancer action could be both a direct cell cytotoxicity and cutting blood supply to tumour cells, i.e., anti-angiogenic action. A series of recent experiments demonstrated that both camel urine and milk, each on its own, inhibited inflammatory angiogenesis in the murine sponge implant angiogenesis model. Further support for the anti-cancer action of camel urine causes significant inhibition of the expression of the gene encoding carcinogen-activating enzyme at the MRNA (Messenger Ribonucleic Acid) level in cancerous liver cells. Camel milk and urine possess potent cardiovascular actions. In separate in vitro experiments, it was shown that camel urine has potent platelet blocking properties similar to the actions of the widely used anti-platelet drugs, aspirin and clopidogrel.[3]On the basis of present investigation, it could be concluded that camel urine proved to be an antimicrobial activity natural material and satisfactory for using as a medicinal treatment. It can also be used for treatment of mycological infections, such as human diseases caused by Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger, or those bacterial illnesses induced by Staphlococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae.[4] Moreover, camel urine was also reported to be used as a treatment for diarrhea.[5] Food allergies and other therapeutic benefits of camel milk: A group of children with severe food (mainly milk) allergies who failed to respond to all modern therapies recovered fully after the daily administration of camel milk.[6]Macroscopic and Microscopic observations had proved the role of camel urine on curing liver and internal organ disorders. A study on infected and untreated calves which suffered from congested and dark livers, very flabby hearts, haemorrhagic kidneys and intestines. The calves that were treated with early morning camel urine (4 mllkg bodyweight) showed normal size and colour of the liver with lessened hardness on cut. The lung was slightly edematous. Kidney was normal in size and pale, the heart slightly flabby.[7] Chronic hepatitis and hepatitis C infection: The early observations of Sharmanov et al., in 19824 were the first to suggest an anti-viral action of camel milk when they found that camel’s milk was more effective than mare’s milk in improving and normalizing the clinical and biochemical status of patients with chronic active hepatitis. Later observations using camel urine therapy in patients with Bilharzial liver disease supported this finding, as significant improvement was noted in the clinical condition of these patients with marked resolution of the ascites and morpho-logical changes of the cirrhotic liver.[8] Global access to Camel milk: In 2013 when the European Community licensed the importation of camel milk from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The main and perhaps only current supplier of camel milk is the Dubai-based Emirates Industry for Camel Milk and Products (EICMP), which manufactures its trademark camel milk, Camelicious, which is now on sale in numerous European countries, particularly The Netherlands, Denmark and England. As the milk is considered nutricious. Another chocolate manufacturer, Al Nassma, is selling its camel milk chocolate in London’s world-famous upscale department store Harrods.[9] Criticism :Criticism against the use of camel urine has been subject to much mockery and slander amongst others of various beliefs. Critics argument is that camel urine has potential side-effects, however; this argument is logically invalid, as it does not take into account the harsh environment of the nomadic desert nor the accessible medical equipment. Many drugs can be physically and emotionally debilitating, several studies have shown that Anti-biotics are prone to cause tendon ruptures, liver failure, negative effects to the central nervous system, intestine infections, peripheral neuropathy, serious heart rhythm changes, headaches and joint problems.[10][11][12][13]